|COUNTRY PROFILE |
Few words about Serbia
The Republic of Serbia contains two autonomous provinces: Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija. Belgrade is the capital city. With a population of two millions, it is the administrative, economic and cultural heart of Serbia.
The Republic of Serbia is a democratic state of all citizens who live on its territory. Its history and achievements make it an integral part of contemporary civilization and the international community.
Vojvodina makes almost a quarter of the Serbian territory or 21,506 square kilometers. Novi Sad is the administrative, economic and cultural seat of the province.
Other important traffic routes also pass through Vojvodina. First the highway from Central Europe and Horgos at the Hungarian border that goes through Novi Sad and Belgrade further to Nis, where it takes two directions: one to the East towards the Bulgarian border and another to the South towards Skopje and Thessaloniki. There is also the third highway in Srem which takes the direction to the West towards the Republic of Croatia and further on towards Western Europe. On both sides of the highway there is a network of local roads and railway lines.
The economy in Vojvodina is based on the abundant wealth of fertile arable land which covers 84% of its area. Its natural fertility is improved by an irrigation network so that out of 1.78 million hectares of arable land, around 0.5 million is watered. About 70% of the yield are cereals, 20% industrial herbs and 10% other crops. Part of the produce is exported but most of it is processed by the domestic food industry, stationed mainly in Vojvodina (plants for processing of meat, fruit and vegetables, oil plants, sugar refineries, dairies, etc.).
There is strong basic industry that produces metal processing machines, electric machines and cables, construction material, oil derivatives, chemical products, electric motors, newsprint paper. There is also a high technology industry like production of dentists' equipment, cars, pharmaceutical products, porcelain, etc.
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